A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. The ending of the short rainy season in October is followed by long dry season. Nigeria is found in the Tropics, where the climate is seasonally damp and very humid. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. This map shows the location of major cities but does not show any political (state) boundries. [10] Nigeria's location in the wetter part of the easterly waves south of the 15 degree line creates wetter climatic conditions for Nigeria especially during the monsoons. These are the dry season and the rainy season. North of this is fresh water swamp, containing different vegetation from the salt water mangrove swamps, and north of that is rain forest. The six zones was not entirely carved out based on geographic location, but rather states with similar ethnic groups, and/or common political history were classified in the same zone. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. Nigeria Map - Physical Map of Nigeria. Seven countries border Niger. [13], Some of the forest zone's most southerly portion, especially around the Niger River and Cross River deltas, is mangrove swamp (see Central African mangroves). This wind (the tropical maritime airmass) invades the country from February in the southern part of Nigeria while it takes longer for the wind to fully cover the whole of the country, reaching the northern part of Nigeria in June. which are considered to be the most influential and the The capital of Biafra was Enugu in the southeast while the northern capital was Kaduna. The northward retreat of the tropical continental airmass (CT), is caused by the sun's northward shift from the tropic of capricorn in the southern hemisphere to the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. Nigeria is divided into six geopolitical zones which consist of states with close geographical location, similar history, cultures and political ideologies.. In the middle of the dry season around December, a dusty wind from the Sahara Desert called the Harmattan enters Nigeria from the northeastern part of the country blocking sun rays partially from shining and also creating haze in the atmosphere, this activities of the wind lowers temperatures considerably saving inhabitants for sometime, from the scorching heat that would have occurred as a result of clearer skies during the dry season. Ngo, M. B. E. "Human Rights Issues in Cameroon in the Case of the Independentists Arrested in Nigeria and Extradited to Cameroon." Nigeria is located in western Africa. Rainfall in the coastal belt of the Niger Delta is heavy due to the closeness of the Delta region to the equator. Several populated cities lie in Nigeria and include Port Harcourt, Warri, Clalbar and Bonny. This is a list of the extreme points of Nigeria, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. Rainfall totals in central Nigeria varies from 1,100 mm (43.3 in) in the lowlands of the river Niger Benue trough to over 2,000 mm (78.7 in) along the south western escarpment of the Jos Plateau.[6]. Over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall is received in the coastal region of Nigeria around the Niger delta area. Abuja, Nigeria's capital city found in central Nigeria, has a temperature range of 18.45 °C (65.21 °F) to 36.9 °C (98.4 °F), and an annual rainfall of about 1,500 mm (59.1 in) with a single rainfall maxima in September.[4]. The tropical monsoon climate, designated by the Köppen climate classification as "Am", is found in the southern part of the country. It is a vast land, from diversity of people and languages to its natural resources. The airmass makes life difficult as a result of low visibility which hampers transportation. Nigeria is located in western Africa. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate, Alpine climate or highland climate or mountain climate, http://iahs.info/redbooks/a281/iahs_281_277.pdf, http://sunday.dailytrust.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3565:maiduguri-residents-how-we-cope-under-harsh-48-degree-celsius&catid=41:latest-news&Itemid=26, "Nigeria: Late dust (harmattan) storm covers the country (Google / AP)", "EARTH OBSERVATION Researchers Seeing Double On African Monsoons", "The Human and Physical Characteristics of Nigeria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Nigeria&oldid=995214794, Articles to be expanded from January 2011, Articles to be expanded from September 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Northernmost point – unnamed location on the border with, Easternmost point – unnamed location on the border with, Southernmost point – unnamed headland south of the town of, Westernmost point – unnamed location on the border with, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 21:08. Nigeria has distinctive regions including plains, swamps, deserts, mountains, and jungles. [13], The savannah zone's three categories are divided into mm' Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, made up of plains of tall grass which are interrupted by trees, the most common across the country; Sudan savannah, similar but with shorter grasses and shorter trees; and Sahel savannah patches of grass and sand, found in the northeast.[13]. The swamps are vegetated tidal flats formed by a reticulate pattern of interconnected meandering creeks and tributaries of the Niger River. During the dominance of the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) in the rainy season of Nigeria, mornings are bright and sunny, the sun's heating of the land in the mornings and afternoons sets up convectional currents, these currents rise vertically and cumulonimbus clouds are formed, by afternoons to evenings, torrential downpour follows. The single dry season experienced in this climate, the tropical savanna climate in central Nigeria beginning from December to March, is hot and dry with the Harmattan wind, a continental tropical (CT) airmass laden with dust from the Sahara Desert prevailing throughout this period. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. Nigeria is bordered to the north by Niger, to the east by Chad and Cameroon, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Benin. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. It is a landlocked nation located in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Nigeria's natural resources include but are not limited to petroleum (see petroleum in Nigeria), tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas, hydropower, and arable land. The waves that pass south of this line carry moisture and create convection that leads to rain clouds. Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. Nigerian economic, political, and educational resources are often shared across the zones. Niger Delta cities and their annually rainfall totals in millimeters: Nigeria is covered by three types of vegetation: forests (where there is significant tree cover), savannahs (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees), and montane land. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. Chappal Waddi above 2,000 m (6,562 ft). Temperatures can climb as high as 35 °C (95.0 °F) over west Africa during this time. [1] Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Mambilla Plateau, Jos Plateau, Obudu Plateau, the Niger River, River Benue and Niger Delta. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, The tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate, is extensive in area and covers most of western Nigeria to central Nigeria beginning from the tropical rainforest climate boundary in southern Nigeria to the central part of Nigeria, where it exerts enormous influence on the region. You might be surprised how many you don’t get right on the first try, but use this online Africa map quiz to study and you will improve. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. The high temperatures coupled with an increase in insolation causes a region of low pressure to develop over west Africa and Nigeria (between March to May). Nigeria is a West African country comprising 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory in Abuja. But with the withdrawal of this wind around March to April following the onset of the rainy season, temperatures can go as high as 44 °C (111.2 °F) in some parts of Nigeria.[11]. Information on topography, water bodies, elevation and other related features of Nigeria Nigeria is considered to be the 32nd largest country in Nigeria is not only large in area—larger than the U.S. state of Texas—but also Africa ’s … Venezuela. NORTH CENTRAL (7 States) Niger State, Kogi State, Benue State, Plateau State, Nassarawa State, … Using this free map quiz game, you can learn about Nigeria and 54 other African countries. As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Temperatures in the northern part of Nigeria can go as high as 48 °C (118.4 °F) in cities like Maiduguri.[7]. All rights reserved. Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Nigeria. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. The sun shines through the atmosphere with little obstructions from the clear skies making the dry season in Nigeria a period of warm weather conditions. Contents. Its invasion is as a result of the northward retreat, of the tropical continental airmass (CT) known as the harmattan. The Tropical monsoon climate has a very small temperature range. Geography. This place is situated in Mainland, Lagos, Nigeria, its geographical coordinates are 6° 34' 0" North, 3° 36' 0" East and its original name (with diacritics) is Ijede. Nigeria is the heavenly nation of Africa, where tourists enjoy their stay to its peak. These storms are usually convectional in nature due to the regions proximity, to the equatorial belt. 1: Annual Total Rainfall 2 45 Forest Reserves and Cash Crops of the Grass Plains . Longitude: 8º00´ East of Greenwich Meridian. Nigeria's most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue river valleys (which merge into each other and form a Y-shape). Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Nigeria's location in the tropics has given her a tropical hot climate. The coastline include many sandy beaches that are interesting to … Fresh water swamps gradually supersede the mangrove on the landward side. Below is the list of geopolitical zones with their states. -South south : home to important place in Nigeria like Port Harcourt, calabar ( the best tourist site in Nigeria) and the region produces the states with the highest amount of IGR. The major highlands in this region are the Obudu Plateau above 1,584 m (5,197 ft), Mambilla Plateau above 1,524 m (5,000 ft) and Mt. Abuja is the federal capital of Nigeria. Highlands in these region attain an average height of more than 1,524 m (5,000 ft) to some standing above 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) above sea level. A significant Shia minority exists (see Shia in Nigeria). [9] Nigeria's northern end is south of the 15 degrees line at about 14 degrees. Nigeria has 530 miles of coastline that’s limited by the borders of Benin in the west and the border of Cameroon in the south. This low pressure zone attracts the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) from the south Atlantic Ocean since areas of low pressures experiences inward blowing winds because winds are moving air blowing outwards from regions of high pressure to regions of low pressure. : 98 Reason for the Zones. Nigeria is bordered by the Gulf of Guinea, Benin to the west, Niger to the north, and Chad and Cameroon to the east. Nigeria Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, … AHA Site Map. The country features 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, which is known as Abuja.The country of Nigeria features over five hundred different ethnic groups, many different languages, and declared its independence from the United Kingdom on October 1, 1960. Nigeria's most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue River valleys (which merge into each other and form a "y" shaped confluence at Lokoja). This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Longitude: 8º00´ East of Greenwich Meridian. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Nigeria. The Niger at Onitsha 53 67 Relief and Drainage of the North Central High Plains 157 LS 25 Physical Regions of the Niger Delta 68 The Anchau Tset... 158 Morphology of the Eastern Delta 58 69 Settlement Types in the Zaria District The dry season of Nigeria is a period of little cloud cover in the southern part of Nigeria to virtually no cloud cover in the northern part of Nigeria. The mass has no ability of forming rain due to low humidity within the airmass, since it crosses the Sahara Desert, it picks up dust instead of water thereby creating little chances for rainfall. The Tropical continental airmass (CT) begins to retreat northwards to the Sahara Desert due to massive heating of the land which transfers heat in the form of convection into the Tropical continental airmass (CT) which constitutes the main layer of air above the land. This period starts from late October and lasts until early March with peak dry conditions between early December and late February.[3]. The map above is a political map of the world centered on Europe and Africa. Due to its geographic location, the country has many faces: lowlands and mountains, arid plains and lush mangroves. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Nigeria's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. pone.0140021.g001: Map of Nigeria showing the 6 geo-political zones, 36 states and federal capita territory (adapted from [11]. Geography Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Latitude: 10º00´ North of the Equator. Alpine climate or highland climate or mountain climate are found on highlands regions in Nigeria. The whole of West Africa is heated intensely as result of the increased insolation received from the sun being overhead over west Africa. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Temperate weather conditions occur on the highlands along the Nigeria Cameroon border, in the eastern part of Nigeria. Representing a round earth on a flat map requires some distortion of the geographic features no matter how the map is done. miles). In terms of Nigeria's major ethnic groups' religious affiliations, the Hausa ethnic group in the north is mostly Muslim, the Yoruba tribe in the west is divided among mainly Christianity, Islam and traditional religions, while the Igbos of the east and the Ijaw in the south are predominantly Christians (Catholics) and some practitioners of traditional religions. Burma (Myanmar) Suriname Absolute maximum temperature Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) It has a land mass of approximately 500 square kilometers and shares a border with Abakalik About 70% of Nigeria's crude oil and gas production is from the area. View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed Affiliation: Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London Medical School (Royal Free Campus), Rowland Hill street, London, NW3 2PF, United Kingdom. To the southwest of the Niger there is "rugged" highland, and to the southeast of the Benue hills and mountains are found all the way to the border with Cameroon. The Numerous sandy islands occur with fresh water vegetation. In the north, the Air Mountains punctuate the Sahara desert in a north-south direction with a series of nine massifs. The middle belt of Nigeria contains the most of the minority ethnic groups in Nigeria and they are mostly Christians and members of traditional religions with few Muslim converts. Temperatures are above 18 °C (64 °F) throughout the year. The Tropical Continental Airmass (CT) locally known as the Harmattan, is a wind originating from North Africa which crosses the Sahara Desert into west Africa to Nigeria. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Current City Map of Nigeria. The geographic coordinate system enables any place in the world to be located using its latitude and longitude. The annual rainfall received in this region is very high, usually above the 2,000 mm (78.7 in) rainfall totals giving for tropical rainforest climates worldwide. Some northern states have incorporated Sharia law into their previously secular legal systems, which has brought about some controversy. This break is broken by the short rainy season starting around early September and lasting to mid October with a peak period at the end of September. Nigeria: Four Regions at the Time of Independence As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. 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