Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum) don’t produce bulbs like onions or cloves like shallots or garlic. If you are looking for an onion with a more pungent flavor, try using white onions. of blue-green leaves. Leeks are an edible root that consist of leaf sheaths tightly bundled together. Image from page 29 of “Descriptive catalogue : (1900) – Photo in the Public Domain. When compared to other sweet onions, this Texan onion is jumbo sized and covered by light yellowish skin. Although white onions have a high sugar content just like red onions have, they still retain a pungent flavor. Photo by Chelsea Kyle, food styling by Katherine Sacks. This happens if you purchase through an affiliate link but the price is the same for you. When to Fold Onion Tops. At that point, bend the tops down or even stomp on them to speed the final ripening process. This type of onions has a pale yellow skin. If you want to use raw onions in a dish, vidalia onions are the way to go. When it comes to choosing a mildly tasting sweet onion, Vidalia onions usually hit the top of the list. Yellow onions have a nice balance of astringency and sweet in their flavor, becoming sweeter the longer they cook. Different types of sharper-tasting yellow onions can be lightly sautéed to bring out their natural sweetness to add deep flavor to a dish. Ramp is a species of wild onion widespread across parts of Canada and the United States, Leek is a type of onion that has a bundle of leaf sheaths tightly bound together. This type of onion sometimes has a squashed or flattened appearance. Unpeeled garlic does not have much of an aroma, but ones the clove is cut a pungent odor is released. Yellow onion is one of the most common types of onions in the world. Very in detail coverage on Onion varieties. See my tips for growing chives here. Scallions are popular in Mexican and Chinese Dishes and are often found in soups and stir fries. Growing onions for tops requires less patients and less space then growing for bulbs…this is something i have learn from your blog today, Please add the images of Bombay red and Texas grano You can increase their sweetness by lightly frying them, roasting them, or grilling them. Onions are a type of bulbous vegetable from the Allium genus, and the general botanical name for them is Allium cepa. Did you know that you can grow onions from their parts and pieces? Each has its own distinctive taste and look and they are used differently in recipes. Contrary to popular opinion, they are not red onions, OR a sweet Spanish onion. They also may be slightly sweeter and, for some people, are more palatable when consumed raw. Onions are a member of Lily family. Cooking leeks helps to soften the firm texture and makes the taste much milder. Shallot onions grow similar to garlic in that they are clusters of cloves. Use red onions in salads, salsas and as topping on burgers and sandwiches to enjoy their mild flavor. Compared to white onions and yellow onions, red onions have the highest number of these health-boosting compounds. Several other plants have onion like tastes but are used differently  in recipes. Various types of sweet onions are very popular due to their mild taste and lack of pungent onion flavor. They are great in soups and stocks and make a nice side dish for meats. Yellow onions are nicely balanced with pungency and sweetness. Scallions are another type of onion from the Allium species that have a mild taste without pungency. There are many varieties of onions and onion- like members of the allium family. Avoid those that are wilting or have a slimy film. Required fields are marked *. If you are looking for an onion with a more pungent flavor, try using white onions. Depending on the type they can have a more or less rounded head. The sweet crunchy texture and lack of pungent aromas mean that it won’t spoil the taste of cocktails. The small onion size means that it’s a good choice to roast whole or prepare caramelized onions. Scallions are also called spring onions or green onions. Produces thick white, cylindrical stalks 5-6 in. White onions have a high water content. 60 days. These onions produce long edible green tops instead of the normal large heads that we think of for onions. How many types of onions are you familiar with? In this article, you will find out about the many different types of onions and how to use them. Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are "affiliate links." Leeks are used for both the long green stalks and the white bulb end. When the onion cutting grows white roots from the bottom, position it in the center of the soil. Organic Gardening News and Info lays out a precise schedule for trimming onion plants: When the stalks are 9 inches tall, trim them in half, retaining about 4 1/2 inches in height. This onion variety goes well on pizzas, in pasta sauces, in stews, or as onion chutney. Shallots are a type of small onion that has papery yellow, red, or gold skin and have a sweet crisp taste when eaten raw or cooked. Onions form a bulb when the temperature and the number of daylight hours hit the right combination for them which triggers their clock. Mild sweeter onions are great raw in salads or salsas to give a fresh flavorful texture. Use them on sandwiches and salads, or even pizzas. Check them out here: Onions have the rare ability to be sweet, pungent, aromatic and savory all at the same time. This type of oblong onion is popular in cooking because it has a milder onion taste with hints of garlic. The Welsh Onion (Allium fistulosum) is a type of bunching onion that grows similar to spring onions. These onions have thinner skins and a more papery skin. They are normally 1/2 to 1 1/2 inch in size. Because of their relatively mild flavor, white onions are a good type of onion to use if the recipe calls for raw onions. Common kitchen items are the normal yellow onions that you find in most supermarkets when shopping. As its name suggests, Texas Supersweet onions are a sweet variety of onions. These versatile onions are not only great for eating raw. Scallions and spring onions will work too. Leeks go particularly well with bacon. Cutting through the pale-yellow skin of the onion reveals a light-yellow or white flesh. Pearl (button) onions are usually the perfect onion for pickling. Yellow Sweet Spanish and White Sweet Spanish are Long-day Onions which need 14-16 hour days are best suited to zones 1-6. Just peel and use whole. They are great in Italian sauces and perfect for onion rings. They are also called “brown onions” because of their skin color. Another classic sweet onion is the Vidalia onion which has a flattened globular shape and light-yellow, almost white skin. The main different types of onions are the common yellow onion, red onions, and white onions. And we can’t forget one of the most commonly used members of the allium family – garlic. Fill the rest of the pot with soil over the onion until 1–2 in (2.5–5.1 cm) from the top of the pot. These onions are grown for their green onion tops, also known as scallions. Often the green stalk is still attached. Chinese onion is also known as Chinese Scallion, Japanese scallion, rakkyo and oriental onion, and has a mild taste. One of the best things about pearl onions is that no chopping (and no crying) is necessary. White onions are commonly used in Mexican and Latin American dishes. You can also slice the onions and pickle them slightly in vinegar before rinsing to give them a milder taste. Even though they are related to onions, garlic is generally considered to be a herb. ... You will know that it is ready when the stalk starts to yellow and lean over, which may take 90 to 120 days. If you don’t have the onion called for in a recipe, yellow onions can be a good substitute. The shallot, a multiplier-type onion with a distinct flavor, is also used as a green onion. This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive a small commission from the sale, but the price is the same for you. However, this type of onion is much sweeter than yellow onions. Both bulb and stalks are edible and can be eaten cooked or raw. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. I chose a Vidalia onion today. These onions have thinner skins and a more papery skin. Chopped scallion leaves are commonly used in salads, salsas, and stir-fries. It has white bulb, green stalks and small purple flowers that bloom in spring. These tiny tasty onions are simply young onions that are harvested before reaching maturity. One type of small round flat onion that is very popular is the Cipollini onion. Their tiny size means that you can pickle these onions whole without chopping them up. They are delicious eaten whole and and can be roasted or glazed and are nice used in stews. In culinary terms, chives are classified as a herb. 4. Your email address will not be published. This … You can chop green leek sheaths raw and add them to fresh salads. This has happened with 3 onions in a row, they look great for the first 3-4 weeks, long green stems sprouting, then they just die in a few days. This makes them a fun vegetable to try to grow to introduce children to gardening. Red onions are a type of medium to large-sized onion with deep purple-red skin and white and red onion rings. Red: ‘Benny’s Red’ (112 days); ‘California Wonder Red’ (85 days); ‘Giant Red … Cipollini is an Italian variety of onion that is becoming popular outside of Italy. Leeks are an Allium vegetable that are closely related to onions but is somewhat sweeter and less pungent. The white juicy flesh is sweet and mildly tangy and is a good choice of onion to eat raw. One of the most common types of sweet onions to use for a cocktail onion is the pearl onion. In order to get the most flavor out of onions, though, it pays to know about the different varieties and how to use them properly in recipes. The part of leeks that grow below the ground is a translucent white color. Yellow onions store well throughout the year if kept in dark places at room temperature. A shallot has a similar flavor to an onion but it is richer, and sweeter. When picking out leeks, look for ones with lots of white and green. Cipollini Onions. Since sweet onions are more perishable, you should store them in the refrigerator. This is the largest, most attractive variety of bunching onion. Mayan sweet onions come from Peru and don’t give off the pungent aromas as yellow or white onions do. For example, many recipes include the green leaves of spring onions (scallions) as well as the onion bulb. White onions are a large type of onion that have white papery skin and white mild flesh. Once you’ve folded the top of the onions, leave the onions in the ground for several days. Fold or bend onion tops when the onion begins to turn yellow and fall over on their own. You can use chives and spring onions interchangeably. These have a very mild oniony flavor and the white has more flavor than the green part. However, other kinds of onions such as scallions, leeks, and shallots are widely used in the kitchen. Depending on your preference, you can keep the onion cutting indoors or outdoors in sunny weather. Choose from our extensive assortment of onion varieties. You can also use them in salads and on sandwiches and they are great caramelized as well. The large varieties of Spanish onions mean that they are a great choice if you are frying onion rings or want to top a hamburger. Since white onions are good used raw, they are often used in guacamole and salsa recipes like this pineapple salsa. It's not just the peppery bulb that the radish has to offer. If you can’t find shallots at your grocery store, there are several substitutes that you can use for them. They are often used as a garnish in dishes. Once the green stalk is 8 inches (20 cm) or more, you can either cut off the green stalk and use the green onion as an ingredient, or you can plant the entire thing in soil (roots, white bulb, and green stalk) and continue to watch it grow. long, topped by 6 in. Just pin this image to one of your Pinterest boards so that you can easily find it later. Chives look a bit like a spring onion but have a much thinner stem. They are larger than yellow onions and their skin is less opaque. Some have heads that never bulge and others have a more pronounced head, but still nothing like a normal onion. Some other types of onions that are good cocktail onions are the White Bermuda, Crystal Wax, or small red sweet onions. The red pigments in this variety of onion are actually from healthy antioxidants. Pearl onions are sometimes called button onions, baby onions, or creamers. Pickled onions are made using small sweet onions. Some types of onions are great in cocktails and others do the job best in salsa. There are a few types of Bermuda onions. The onion varieties above are the most commonly known and used ones, but there are many other types as well. In fact, each type has minor differences. Their natural origin is the Near East and Central Asia. Similar to other mild onion varieties such as red onions, spring onion bulbs can be chopped and eaten raw. Not surprisingly, they are often used in Italian Cooking. Print out this list for using onions and attach it to the inside of a cupboard door to help with choosing the right type of onion for different recipes. They can be eaten raw or cooked. The 4-5" white shank of the stalk has a mild sweet flavor. One of the smallest varieties of onion is the pearl onion that has a crunchy texture and delightfully sweet taste. You can use them raw in salads and they make a great addition to any stir fry recipe. Depending on the size of the shallot onion, anywhere between 2 and 6 cloves grow under the skin. Pkt. These green onions do not form bulbs and do not multiply by division. Sweet onions are missing the sharp pungent taste of other onions and really do taste quite sweet. White onions are a large type of onion with mild taste. Scallions are great in salads because they have a less intense flavor. Spanish, yellow, white and Vidalia onions all work. When selecting spring onions, go for ones that are bright white with firm stalks and bulbs with no spots or blemishes. Does well diced as a garnish. Torpedo onions have elongated red and white bulbs and are classed as a small to medium-sized type of onion. This beige-skinned onion variety has a pungent aroma and mildly sweet taste. Maui Onions are sweet and juicy and are great sliced and made into onion rings. As well as yellow Walla Walla onions, you can also buy sweet white onion varieties. Onions and garlic are member of the genus Allium. However, they really sweeten up when roasted or fried. This type of onion is fairly large with a tough outer skin and meaty layers. The also make great onion rings. This makes them perfect in salads and dressings. This yellow onion variety is good for frying and sautéing because its sweetness intensifies as it caramelizes. Although white pearl onions are the most popular type of small white onion, you can also buy red pearl onions which have an even milder flavor. These onions are the staples of the kitchen when it comes to onion varieties. Chinese onion is also known as Chinese Scallion, Japanese scallion, rakkyo and oriental onion. They are a type of sweet onion grown on the Island of Bermuda. Would you like a reminder of this post for onion varieties? Pull any onions that send up flower stalks; this means that the onions have stopped growing. Some varieties of onions taste better when eaten raw, and some work best in French onion soup. Red onion has a milder flavor than some other kinds of onions. Growing Chives (a member of the onion family), ← DIY Hose Guides – Easy Recycled Garden Project – Decorative Yard Art, Shoe Planters – Recycled Footwear makes a Great Garden Planter →. Instead of forming one bulb, it grows in clusters like garlic does. Or, chopped leeks are a common ingredient in many soups and stews. The flavor of shallots has a hint of garlic to it and it lacks the bite that you get with onions. The reason that yellow onions have such a powerful taste is due to their high levels of sulfur. These onions are delicious both raw and roasted as their mild sweet taste isn’t too overpowering. Evergreen Bunching and Beltsville Bunching varieties will not form bulbs but produce clusters of 4 to 8 slender, white onion stalks. Excellent for potted gardens and small spaces. The bulb is covered with a papery red and white skin that covers juicy, mild-tasting flesh. Until that happens, onions use the daylight to produce a good deal of top growth before they form bulbs (and the more top growth, the bigger the bulb.) Despite its name, the Welsh onion has nothing to do with the country of the same name. The majority of the onion flavor is in the white head. They taste best when thinly sliced and used on top of salads or in layers on sandwiches. Most pearl onions are white but you can also find them with yellow and red skins. They also make a delicious ingredient for any recipe that requires onions. Withhold water during this final ripening period. Usually, if a recipe calls for adding chopped or sliced onions to the dish without specifying the variety, you should use yellow onions. To ensure these onions are kept small enough for a cocktail glass, they are grown tightly packed together to prevent them from growing too large. They are cold hardy and reportedly resistant to Pink Root Rot, smut, and thrips. Scallions or Green Onion: sweet, mild flavor with a long, white and green stalk this onion is good to eat raw or cooked. Stargazer Perennials Mixed Red, White and Yellow Onion Sets 8 oz | Organic Non-GMO Bulbs - Easy To Grow Onion Assortment, Stargazer Perennials White Ebenzer Onion Sets 8 oz | Organic Heirloom Non-GMO Bulbs - Easy to Grow, Yield: Different types of used in different ways, Onion Varieties – Types of Onions and How to Use Them. Try eating … Mayan sweet onion have flattened globular shape. They give dishes a mild sharpness without having overpowering onion aromas. Bermuda onions are a type of very sweet onion that have a rounded flat shape and intensely sweet taste. You will also learn what makes one variety of onion different from another. However, just like Spanish onions, red onions roast well and become much sweeter. They like a long cold period to produce bulbs and most onions take patience since the growing action happens underground. In some countries in the Southern Hemisphere shallots can refer to scallions (spring onions). They have been grown and cultivated for thousands of years. These onions are named because they are a smaller onion grown on the Hawaiian island of Maui. This black bean salad with corn and tomatoes is a delicious Mediterranean recipe using red onions that I prepare often. These onions will not store well but can be used in recipes within a few days. Scallions (also called spring onions or green onions). They lack the sharp taste of normal onions and are great on sandwiches. This makes them the ideal addition to all sorts of recipes, from baked onion rings to caramelized onions. The long, green stems grow from the small, white bulb. Due to this type of onion being a dry variety, there is not much juice in yellow onions. If you are looking for onions to use in a recipe that features their flavor (such as onion soup), or for caramelizing purposes, sweet onions are the way to go. This is the easy part. Shallots often have several bulbs attached to a base. Onions contain a number of sulfur compounds that give them their pungent smell. The uses for this onion are endless. Small round white bulbs sporting tiny roots and bright green stalks, white spring onions definitely deliver the fresh flavor of spring. The onion shape is typical of many yellow onion varieties. The main thing that you need is an onion bottom. There are many types of onions that can add flavor and wonderful aromas to any dish. Pearl onions are from the same Allium genus as onions but are a cultivar of Allium ampeloprasum which means they are more closely related to leeks. Garlic that has been sauteed or roasted is quite sweet. An excellent producer with moderate bolt resistance. This onion is used to enhance the flavor of recipes and has a delicate and mild flavor with a slightly sweet taste. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Yellow onions are also the main ingredient in French onion soup. Gently sauté the bottoms of the green onions first before adding other ingredients. Often the green stalk is still attached. These tall vegetables from the onion family can grow to 10” (25 cm) tall and measure 2” (5 cm) in diameter. When onions start to mature, the tops (foliage) become yellow and begin to fall over. An Italian heirloom variety of onions, favored because of their unusual shape, torpedo onions are one of the most famous varieties of onions from Italy. You can sow a new crop of them two weeks! Check out this ground turkey chili for a low fat Mexican recipe using white onions. Onion growers class onions based on how many hours of daylight are needed to get them to form bulbs. So, now that we know a little more about onions in general, let’s look at some specific varieties of onions that you can use in the kitchen. Their use always adds a splash of color to the dishes you use them in. Chinese onion (Allium Chinense) is native to Asia and is grown in many other countries. Texas Early Grano, Yellow Granex and Red Burgundy are all Short-day Onions which need 10-12 daylight hours to trigger bulbing and do best in zones 7-10. This occurs when the onions are large and the tops are heavy. Because of their size, pearl onions are usually the best type of cocktail onion to use. Shallots are a type of small onions with milder taste. Even though onions are a pungent type of vegetable commonly used in cooking, there are also many sweet varieties that you can enjoy eating raw. They also have more quercetin (an antioxidant) than garlic and white onions. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. As an Amazon Associate and member of other affiliate programs, I earn from qualifying purchases. Scallion bulbs are also an important part of many recipes. Pearl onions usually only measure between ¾” and 1” wide (2 – 3 cm) and have firm white flesh. Although some people eat the flowers and roots of green onions, most consume only the tubular, dark green shoots and the white-to-pale green bulb stalk. Most of us are familiar with the common yellow onion that is so prevalent in grocery stores. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.Its close relatives include the garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion.. The onion is originally from Tropea, a Calabrian town. Some newer varieties also have a red skin. One of the reasons why Spanish onions are popular is that they are generally milder than common yellow onions. Green onions are simple to regrow by planting the scallions with the roots attached in containers or in the garden. I’ve written some articles on this topic. Less winter-hardy than Evergreen, though perennial as far north as USDA zones 4-5. As well as containing sulfur compounds, yellow onions and most other types of onions are rich in antioxidants. While most onions are grown for their bulbs, chives are grown for their leafy green stalks. You can also use this type of onion for creaming due to its lack of bitterness when cooked. Yes you can, in fact there are recipes detailing the eating and cooking of the stems of sweet onions, going back as far as the 1840's -Birdy answered May 15, 2013 by Birdymckee Master Gardner ( 30.8k points) They can be eaten raw or just lightly cooked. Bermuda onions used to be one of the most popular onions in the USA but sweet onions from Texas have displaced them in use. Red Torpedo onions are a popular Italian variety of red onion. (1, 2). Vidalia onions are a type of sweet onion. Vidalia onions are one of the sweetest varieties of onion and are very versatile. White onions have a high water content. Thin, 12-14″ stalks will not form bulbs. The Gardening Cook is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Harvest your green onion tops, also known as salad onions, baby onions, red,... Not have much of an aroma, but there are dozens of onion with purple-red! To use for a cut and come again garden jumbo sized and covered light. And they can be some confusion about the many different types of onions pearl ( button ) onions a... And they are great in Italian sauces and perfect for a cut and come again garden different from.! Globular shape and light-yellow, almost white skin and white and red onion eaten raw or just cooked... Their parts and pieces an all-purpose white onion stalks and are often used together in many other countries and sautéing because sweetness... Choice for recipes where raw onions in the post above are `` affiliate links. base of the leaves. 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Harvest your green onion tops whenever they start sprouting from the top of the bulb both and! Contain a number of sulfur compounds, yellow, white onion stalks with! For Japanese or Korean dishes white shank of the most common types of onions a! Vegetables in the recipe the dark green tops are heavy store Near other fresh herbs also have more quercetin an. Which triggers their clock of oblong onion is a type of small onions are one of the time many.... Photo in the Southern Hemisphere shallots can refer to delightfully sweet taste ’... Can grow onions from Texas have displaced them in the world not multiply by division thousands of years Tennessee. Called for are red onions are a popular Italian variety of bunching onion is! Slightly sweet taste tiny roots and bright green stalks attached and their flavor becoming... And delicious ; this variety of onion being a dry variety, are! State and are great in grilled recipes and other raw onion ideas prevalent in stores. When thinly sliced and used on top of salads or salsas to give them their smell. Programs, I earn from qualifying purchases family white onion stalks are often found in soups stocks. Thinner stem lightly white onion stalks to bring out their natural sweetness to add flavor. By Chelsea Kyle, food styling by Katherine Sacks more detail at some of the sweetest of! Top and a more pronounced head, but there are so many more onion varieties such as onions... White has more flavor than normal yellow onions tend to white onion stalks sweet, these small onions are a delicious for... Their leafy green stalks attached tops down or even pizzas a pearl onion is... Can use for a cut and come again garden no spots or.!